Types of Tyres Available
There is no single tyre to fit all purposes. In this guide, we’ll take you through the array of different tyre types available on the market, including the different tyre designs and tyres used for specific sorts of vehicle.
It is Watling Tyres policy that we will not fit part worn tyres to cars, vans or 4x4s as we cannot guarantee their integrity.
Summer tyres perform best in temperatures over 7℃, and are engineered with a tread pattern that offers grip and usability for both wet and dry roads.
When chilly weather strikes, winter tyres are designed to help motorists stay safe in cold, icy conditions. The ability to cope with harsh winter conditions is thanks to the unique tread design and increased groove ratio, granting them better grip and greater flexibility.
All Season Tyres
All season, or all weather, tyres aim to achieve high performance in all weather conditions by combining the features of both summer and winter tyres. They are primarily used by motorists travelling in more moderate climates.
High Performance Tyres
High performance tyres are engineered to have a superior grip and handling at high speeds. They’re designed for motorists who are seeking a degree of sports performance from their vehicle.
Standard tyres can perform well in most conditions, but are not specialised for a particular type of weather condition – they usually have to be replaced by winter tyres in the colder months.
A touring tyre is targeting people who like to take long journeys. They aim to bring a comfortable, quiet ride to motorists, also offering all-season capabilities for wet and dry conditions.
High Speed Tyres
High speed tyres are specially designed to cope with top speeds with total ease, and are best fitted to high performance cars that regularly travel at high speeds.
Different manufacturers have different techniques of producing eco-friendly tyres, whether that be using more sustainable materials, employing eco-friendly processes, or creating a design that improves fuel economy.
Wide / Low Profile Tyres
True to their name, wide tyres are broader than standard automobile tyres, allowing a vehicle to spread weight and load more evenly. Advantages include shorter braking distance, increased rolling resistance and an improved ability to handle greater speeds.
Simply put, low profile tyres have a shallower sidewall than standard tyres, and consequently are fitted to a wheel with a large diameter. The key advantage is to improve the aesthetic appearance of a car, as well as the handling.
XL tyres are a type of reinforced tyre that can withstand a high load capacity, due to their ability to maintain a high air pressure. This makes them ideal for heavy vehicles, or those vehicles transporting heavy loads.
Run flat tyres are created to withstand the effects of a puncture, or a loss of air, due to its thicker walls. This enables a motorist to safely travel home or to the nearest garage with a deflated tyre.
Budget tyres are cheap options for those with a smaller budget to play with, and for those who don’t demand a high performance ability from their tyres.
Energy Saving Tyres
For the more eco-conscious driver, an energy saving tyre is optimised to reduce rolling resistance, fuel consumption, and boost the overall fuel economy of a vehicle. This has money-saving benefits for the user, and environmental benefits for the wider world.
Mud terrain tyres are specially designed to handle off-road conditions, including mud, loose sand, or rocks. Their large tread blocks and voids enable the tyre to clear away any debris quickly, enabling it to sustain a good grip.
Most commonly found on SUVs, all terrain tyres have a hardy design of wide tread depths to cope with muddy conditions, and strong sidewalls to protect against puncture.
Original Equipment (OE)
Simply put, an original equipment tyre is a way to describe the tyre that is fitted with a vehicle when it is first purchased from the manufacturer – they’re usually designed to complement the overall car design and requirements.
Motorsport tyres are optimised for use in motorsports, and are therefore designed to be high performance and withstand the demands of dynamic handling.
Wet tyres are engineered to perform well in wet and rainy conditions by minimising the risk of aquaplaning, thanks to specially designed grooves in the tread.
Any sort of tyre that is affixed to the body of a car.
Tyres that are specially designed to be affixed to van tyres; they are normally stronger and more durable than standard car tyres, and are engineered to withstand heavier loads over longer distances.
4×4 tyres are durable options for use on all-terrain vehicles, such as SUVs. Features of 4×4 tyres include a widely-spaced tread pattern and deeper tyre grooves – this boosts the grip of the tyre on tough terrain, making it suited for off-road use.
Caravan & Motorhome Tyres
Because caravans and motorhomes remain stationary for long periods of time, the tyres need to be hard-wearing to cope with the weight of the caravan or motorhome, without losing pressure – “light commercial” tyres are normally recommended.
Motorcycle tyres are manufactured in a variety of designs depending on their application, which can range from sports, off-road, or general street use. Features that can differ include tread depth, tread pattern, width, and studded or non-studded.
Trailer tyres must adhere to the same laws as car tyres e.g. be at suitable air pressure, have a minimum tread depth of 1.6mm across the central three quarters of the tyre, and without any bulges or tears.
Truck & Lorry Tyres
Truck and lorry tyres tend to be larger and sturdier than tyres found on other vehicles, and are often reinforced to allow them to serve their function of carrying heavy loads for long distances.
Tractor tyres, also called agricultural tyres, come in a variety of sizes designs, due to the variety of tractor models available, their individual purposes, and also due to the fact that tractors often have smaller tyres in front and bigger ones at the back. They often have prominent treads, and are broad to distribute the weight more evenly.
SUV tyres come in a range of designs, makes and models, and are created for both on-road and off-road capabilities. Original equipment tyres are the best options for your vehicle, as they are specifically optimised to bring out the best in your vehicle.
Premium Car Tyres
Built from high-grade materials, premium car tyres are more durable and resistant to road-wear than standard tyres. This usually means they are safer and last longer. Other attractive features include reduced noise levels, enhanced driving comfort, and greater fuel efficiency.
Mid-Range Car Tyres
Mid-range car tyres are often created by leading manufacturers, but sold at a cheaper price. Whilst not at the same superior standards of durability and driving comfort of premium tyres, mid-range tyres are a great compromise between premium and budget tyres.
Budget Car Tyres
Budget car tyres are designed for motorists who are seeking cheap tyres to get them from A to B. The upfront costs are low, but will require replacement sooner than premium and mid-range options.
Prestige & Classic Car Tyres
Classic cars come in many shapes and sizes, which is why prestige and classic car tyres need to be a bespoke design to complement the car they are fitted to. Older cars used the old crossply tyre design, and it’s the decision of the owner as to whether they continue this for authenticity purposes or switch to radial.
Boat Trailer Tyres
Boat trailer tyres are often stationary, which leads to faster deterioration. They should therefore be checked and replaced regularly to ensure their condition is safe.
Aviation & Plane Tyres
Aviation and plane tyres must be able to withstand the heavy weight of an aircraft, and usually multiple tyres are needed to spread the heavy load equally. Their tread patterns are specially created for easy hydroplaning, and to cope with crosswinds.
Light Commercial Tyres
Light commercial vehicles include vans, minivans and small trucks, and they require specialist robust tyres to withstand whatever load they are designed to carry.
Earthmover tyres are large, robust tyres designed specifically for vehicles in the earthmoving industry e.g. quarries, industrial handling, mines, and other industries. They must be durable, high-performance and resistant to damage.
Buses & Coaches
Buses and coaches have broad tyres to distribute the heavy load more effectively. Safety is a big concern for buses and coaches, as they are designed to transport people – tyre brands may therefore offer reduced rolling resistance and high performance in wet or wintry conditions.
Different types of forklifts require different types of tyres, depending on what they’re used for, the loads they carry and whether they operate indoors or outdoors. Tyre types include solid, pneumatic and cushion, and they all have slightly different treads, compounds and other features.
Tipper & Dumper
Tipper and dumper truck tyres will need to be different, as their effectiveness strongly depends on the conditions and forces the particular truck will undergo. For example, articulated tipper and dumper trucks will have tyres that flex, as this enables it to turn properly.
Tow tractor tyres are usually small in size, and often use radial technology to promote better grip and greater stability when travelling over any irregular surface.
The appropriate tyres for a horsebox should be decided with consultation from both the tyre and vehicle manufacturers – suitability of a proposed tyre needs to be discussed, as blowouts could harm the horses being transported.
Heavy Duty & Construction Tyres
Heavy duty vehicles, or construction vehicles, require tyres that are durable, sturdy and high grip to perform well in the hardy environments they operate in. Examples of heavy duty vehicles include earthmovers and forklifts.